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The conflict about the authenticity of the Holy Shroud is another instance of the conflict between certain scientist and certain religious people about science and religion. In my opinion, this conflict is caused by a lack of understanding of the mind-body problem. The highly intelligent author of the above quote has a blind spot because he only grasps two solutions: materialism and dualism. There is no evidence supporting these solutions. Conflict, anxiety, inhibition, and bias prevent the author from grasping the solution supported by the evidence and judged to be true by rational people: It is a mystery. One way of expressing this is to say: Humans are embodied spirits.